Food, Fat, and Filters: Creating Self-Confidence in the Digital Age
November 11, 2018
Thanksgiving- the great American feast- is just around the corner. This holiday, falling on the fourth Thursday of November marks the beginning of a season of parties, gifts, and, yes, food.
In an American society defined by food and weight, we are inundated with images of what it means to be beautiful. The advertising and fashion industries lead us to equate thinness to attractiveness, successfulness, and friendliness. Unfortunately, teenagers are increasingly targeted by these messages that their bodies somehow aren’t good enough.
Much of the conversation that happens surrounding our bodies is rooted in fashion and social media, industries which are geared towards young people. Although the idea of what our bodies should look like has changed significantly in the past few decades, one theme has remained consistent: the unrealistic expectation.
As a health teacher at Middleton High School, Mr. Jurasewicz is acutely aware of this issue and the impact it has on the lives of the kids he teaches.
“Exposure to diverse images is huge,” says Jurasewicz. “One of the reasons people struggle with body positivity is because people like them haven’t been represented as beautiful, and that’s not the case.”
According to The Guardian, 78.2% of models featured in the spring 2016 fashion advertisements were white. Although this statistic showed improvement from previous years, representation for different body types, age groups, and people with disabilities is still low.
Curious about the mental health implications of poor body image, I spoke with our school’s nurse, Ms. Westphal, and the social worker for Red Maple House, Ms. Wilson.
With her experience in healthcare, Ms. Westphal is aware of society’s shortcomings when it comes to weight and body image.
“I think there does need to be some kind of change around the topic,” Ms. Wilson says. “We, especially in healthcare, focus a lot on reactive measures instead of preventative measures. There’s a very visible cry that what we have right now isn’t working.”
As far as the culprits go, an outdated healthcare system isn’t alone. Social media has become a significant issue when it comes to body image and self-esteem.
“Using terms equatable to social media, we live in a ‘filtered world,’” Westphal says. “We often don’t show the sad moments of our day, and so I think body positivity is also being vulnerable to share the good and bad in your life, which, when you see people do that, they actually have much [higher] response rates than people who always show the happy.”
This tendency to portray the world through a rose-colored filter on social media is more dangerous than ever as it reaches wider audiences. Teenagers looking at the seemingly ‘perfect’ lives of their peers are left with feelings of inadequacy, blind to the struggles that occur when the camera is off.
In this new age of media, social worker Ms. Wilson says, teenagers feel as if “it’s never enough.”
When students come in asking for help with body-image issues, Ms, Westphal says she starts “by letting them know they’re beautiful, because they are, and because I don’t think people tell them, and you can see that in their reaction to the compliment. They don’t know how to take it, or they’ll sometimes joke about it. Some people will just be really quiet.”
Then, Westphal uses the analogy of a car to try and educate students on safe ways of dealing with body image issues.
“Your car needs gas to go from point A to point B, and if you have this image in your head that your body isn’t a certain way it needs to be, you still need to provide it with the nutrients it needs to get through the day,” she says, “so water, fats, proteins, and carbs. I always say, don’t put the crappier gas into your car, just like you shouldn’t put bad things into your body. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn’t. It’s definitely a process.”
A process that often involves a lengthy recovery and one that addresses many issues of mental health.
The connections between body image and mental health are undeniable, as Debra Lafler of the Wisconsin Department of Health Services recognizes.
Like Jurasewicz, Lafler understands that the issue has an increased impact on teenagers.
“Teenagers are especially at risk for emotional struggle with their bodies because the teenage years are trying to find, create, and solidify an identity, and the identity that our society dictates is about the body’s appearance,” she says. “If the body doesn’t appear like society says it should, then teenagers think that they are inept or not good enough. This identity of being not good enough then becomes who they think they are and that influences all their choices and feelings about their worth, and can even influence what they seek, and aim to do or be in their future.”
Having a background in mental health has helped Ms. Lafler understand the positive impact of body confidence.
“When we feel good about our bodies, we feel confident to interact with others, stand confidently, try new things, and so on,” she says.
In contrast, poor body image can quickly develop into more serious issues of mental health, including depression, anxiety, self-mutilation, and eating disorders.
“When we have low self-esteem the feeling is ‘I am not good enough as I am now’ and if we have body confidence issues the feeling is ‘if my body were different, I’d be better’ and so it’s very easy to either harm the body as a means of punishment or a means of escape or start trying to lose weight using unhealthy means – starving or throwing up or over-exercising – in order to change the body,” Lafler says.
As far as who is susceptible to developing these issues, the honest answer is anyone. Though messages surrounding body image may be typically geared towards young women, everyone can feel bad about their body.
Dissatisfaction with one’s body is common and something most people struggle with at some point, but when mental health begins suffering, it is time to seek help.
“First, tell a parent, a teacher, a school nurse or counselor, or a healthcare practitioner,” says Lafler. “Second, a medical doctor or counselor can get you information on eating disorder treatment. Depending on the severity of your condition, there are options for treatment – from counseling to support groups to outpatient treatment at a hospital to inpatient treatment at a hospital.”
The most important thing to remember is that you are not alone, and help is available.
As far as what students can do to help peers struggling with issues related to poor body image and low self-confidence, Ms. Wilson says, “just get rid of the stigma.”
If you notice your friend is having body confidence issues or dealing with this dissatisfaction in an unhealthy way, address it. It is ultimately the individual’s choice whether or not to seek help, but a little nudge in the right direction goes a long way.